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Title: Feature relevance in dermoscopy images by the use of ABCD standard
Authors: Pulido, Sergio D.
Bocanegra, Alvaro J.
López, Juan M.
Forero, Manuel G.
Cancino, Sandra L.
Keywords: Classification
Interpretable features
Issue Date: 24-Aug-2020
Publisher: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Citation: Sergio D. Pulido, Alvaro J. Bocanegra, Juan M. López, Manuel G. Forero, and Sandra L. Cancino "Feature relevance in dermoscopy images by the use of ABCD standard", Proc. SPIE 11510, Applications of Digital Image Processing XLIII, 115101M (21 August 2020);
Abstract: The use of complex classification algorithms such as deep learning techniques does not allow the researchers to identify the most discriminant features for tumor classification as they lack interpretability. This study aims to develop an algorithm capable of differentiating a set of dermoscopic images depending on whether the tumor is benign or malignant. The priority of this research is to obtain the importance of each extracted feature. This work is focused on the ABCD rule feature analysis and it aims to find the relevance of each feature and its performance in a classification model. A relevant aspect of this study is the use of a heterogeneous database, where the images were uploaded by different sources worldwide. A combination of novel and previously used features are analyzed and their importance is computed by the use of a Gaussian mixture model. After selecting the most discriminant features, a set of classification models was applied to find the best model with the less quantity of features. We found that a total of 65.89% of the features could be omitted with a loss in accuracy, sensibility and specificity equal or lower than 2%. While similar performance measures have been employed in other studies, most results are not comparable, as the databases used were more homogeneous. In the remaining studies, sensitivity values are comparable, with the main difference that the proposed model is interpretable.
ISSN: 0277-786X
Appears in Collections:Artículos

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