Caracterización de las herramientas de gestión ambiental en Colombia: revisión de literatura
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To begin with the development of the objectives, the definition of environmental management tool is proposed from different points of view, and the characterization of this type of tools that are currently booming due to its positive impact not only on their own business development but also for all its surroundings. Among the tools studied are life cycle analysis, environmental performance evaluation, ecodesign, ecolabelling, environmental audits and environmental management systems that in turn can integrate other tools. In Colombia, progress has been made in the implementation of these tools, especially under standards of the international norms of the ISO 14000 family, where, through Icontec, organizations can be certified according to their particular interests. At the same time, the development of different institutions and environmental regulations has been evidenced, which points towards the conservation of natural resources and environmental management. Finally, it´s concluded, the different environmental management tools can be worked no matter of the size and geographical, cultural and social conditions of the organization, independently or integrating some of them, to obtain better and efficient environmental management results, which in turn they feed their economic, commercial and environmental development and that of their environment.