Caracterización de la cadena de recuperación de aceite usado proveniente del sector automotriz en el contexto urbano. Caso de Ibagué
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An investigation was carried out that sought to characterize the chain for the recovery of used oil from the automotive sector in the urban context (Ciudad de Ibagué). The final disposal of used oil is a problem of global interest due to the increasing pressure towards the preservation of the environment and sustainable development, which implies the importance of efficient waste management (reduction, reuse and recycling) as a source of value generation in the local context. The characterization of the recovery chain implied the fulfillment of the following specific objectives. The first one consisted of carrying out a benchmark analysis of good practices for the design of a used oil recovery chain that allows identifying key aspects for its characterization in urban contexts. In the second objective, the aim was to characterize the actors that intervene in the recovery chain that allows their representation in the context by conducting surveys and interviews that were carried out in different services in the city (places where the oil changes). Finally, a diagnosis was carried out that allows the environmental, social and economic problems existing in the recovery chain of used oils in Ibagué to be dimensioned by analyzing the information collected and thus formulating strategies to mitigate the impact of said waste. For the research work, a total of 20 places that provide the service of automotive oil change were visited, which were divided into servitecs and local workshops. Based on the information obtained in each of them, the oil collection calculations for each of the two companies (Atica y Combustibles Juanchito) were estimated, which resulted in 34.08 drums per month and each drum has a capacity of 55 gallons, therefore 1874.4 gallons / month are collected.