Estudio comparativo de resistencia y viabilidad económica entre bloques de concreto elaborados tradicionalmente y bloques de concreto elaborados con material plástico-orgánico
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In the last two decades there has been an environmental problem derived from the unsustainable exploitation of the biotic environment, especially the indiscriminate use of the soil to obtain mineral aggregates, together with the problem of generation and inadequate disposal of waste; As a result of these activities carried out by the human being, the need has been created to propose alternatives other than conventional ones that help to combat or reduce the consequences that anthropic practices such as real estate have caused to the environment. The following research focuses on creating ecological concrete blocks with conventional measures of 6 cm x 12 cm x 24 cm made with non-recyclable materials, such as crushed tire and sugarcane bagasse replacing it in a percentage of 12% and 8% in the cement weight; In the case of expanded polystyrene, 2% and 3% in cement weight were replaced. The present research study consists in finding an ecological alternative to conventional concrete blocks, with reduction in their weight and cost. Checking that the parameters dictated in the NSR-10 and NTC standards of Icontec and INVIAS are met. The project focused on a mixed type investigation, in this one a descriptive and an experimental field is included. The research was developed with the following methodology: 1. Supply of materials 2. Mix design 3. Realization of cylinders and blocks 4. Failed. The results show that the Crushed Tire is the only feasible material as a sustainable alternative for construction, since it meets the minimum strength; the opposite happened with the mixture of sugarcane and expanded polystyrene, since the cane being a material with high absorption capacity its resistance was affected and in the case of expanded polystyrene due to its low density generates that in the mixture high volumes of vacuum are found which means that it is not viable for construction.