The Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia
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The Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia (CCLC), inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2012, encompasses six farming landscapes, including eighteen urban settlements, in a unique sustainable and productive landscape that represents the Colombian coffee tradition. The ancestral architecture in the urban areas incorporates indigenous traditions with Spanish cultural influence. Rural houses function as both family residences and centers of economic activity. This exceptional combination of the urban and rural landscapes reflects a centennial tradition of coffee growing in small farms and the innovative management practices of natural resources of the community in challenging geographical conditions. The following are some legal and management frameworks of the CCLC that have been implemented by the Colombian government to protect the site: i) Declaration of the CCLC as a Cultural Heritage of the Nation; ii) Agreements for Prosperity-public dialogue model designed with the aim of achieving social cohesion and governance; iii) CCLC National Council of Economic and Social Policy (CONPES)-defines the actions of different levels of government; iv) education to take better ownership of the CCLC; v) delimitation and management of areas of mining exclusion; vi) incorporation of the CCLC's management into the Land Management Plans of the region; and vii) Tourism Strategic Plan to provide specialized, authentic and quality cultural tourism products.