Examinando por Materia "Power electronics"
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- PublicaciónSólo datosA Unified Approach for the Control of Power Electronics Converters. Part II: Tracking(Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 2021-08-19) Garcia, Germain; Lopez-Santos, Oswaldo; Martinez-Salamero, LuisThis paper extends the results recently proposed in Part I of this research work focused on the stabilization of power electronic converters. This second part is devoted to cases in which the underlying control problems can be translated into tracking control problems. This is the case for DC-AC converters whose output must track a sinusoidal reference signal. The idea is to tackle the problem in a unified manner in order to avoid as much as possible the use of approximations and to exploit all the mathematical properties of the corresponding switched models. The case in which measurable or non-measurable perturbations are present is considered. The proposed techniques are illustrated for two particular DC-AC converters simulated using the PSIM software.
- PublicaciónSólo datosA Unified Approach for the Control of Power Electronics Converters. Part I—Stabilization and Regulation(Applied Sciences, 2021-01-11) García, Germain; López-Santos, OswaldoThis work deals with the control of power electronics converters. In that context, the majority of the problems of interest can be translated into two main problems: stabilization control problems and tracking control problems. Numerous methods exist in the literature to propose solutions which are based on several ways of handling them in a more appropriate context: linear, nonlinear, switching, and hybrid control, to cite the most important. In recent years, a considerable effort has been made to derive control design methods taking into account the specificities and properties of the complex behavior of these systems, going beyond the numerous techniques based on approximated models or focused on the specific converter topology under study and, in that way, making a step towards a desirable genericity level. It is the objective of this work to go a step further trying to tackle the control of power converters in a unified way. The idea is to avoid, as much as possible, the use of approximations and exploit all the mathematical properties of the associated switched models. Writing them in a specific way, it is possible to deal with a lot of problems of interest whose solutions are based on assumptions which are the expressions of some kind of practical feasibility, and then closely related to the existence of solutions to the studied problems. In some cases, the resulting controls have an inevitable complexity level which reflects one of the problems under study. For such situations, the implementation issues are important and are not discussed in details in this paper. The proposed methods are illustrated by numerical simulations conducted with the help of PSIM software. This research work is decomposed into two parts, the first one focused on stabilization problems is developed in this paper. The other one concerning the tracking problems will be developed in a future paper.
- PublicaciónSólo datosAutomatic Fault Detection in a Cascaded Transformer Multilevel Inverter Using Pattern Recognition Techniques(Lecture notes in Computer Science, 2019-10-01) Salazar-D’antonio, Diego; Meneses-Casas, Nohora; Forero, Manuel G.; López-Santos, OswaldoCascade transformer multilevel inverters (CT-MLI) are DC–AC converters used in medium and high power applications to provide standardized AC output. Despite their numerous advantages and robustness, these devices are highly susceptible to fault events because of their high amount of components. Therefore, early failure detection enables turning off the power system avoiding the propagation of the fault to the connected loads. Beyond that, converter operation can be reconfigured to tolerate the fault and activate a fail flag facilitating the subsequent corrective maintenance. The techniques proposed so far required several sensors, which is not practical. Therefore, in this study, we propose an automatic fault detection algorithm for cascade multilevel inverters based on pattern recognition, that only requires a sensor located at the output of the inverter. Naive Bayes, decision tree, nearest neighbor, and support vector machine were tested as classifiers using cross validation. The proposed method showed high detection accuracy when all the obtained descriptors were employed, being the K-NN the classifier showing superior performance. Furthermore, an evaluation was developed to determine the minimum number of descriptors required for the effective operation of the detection system, reducing the computational cost and simplifying its implementation. The method was validated by using simulation results obtained from a multilevel inverter circuit model.
- PublicaciónSólo datosQuadratic boost converter with low-output-voltage ripple(IET Power Electronics, 2020-06-17) López-Santos, Oswaldo; Mayo-Maldonado, Jonathan C.; Rosas-Caro, Julio C.; Valdez-Resendiz, Jesus E.; Zambrano-Prada, David A.; Ruiz-Martinez, Omar F.his study proposes a non-isolated quadratic boost converter (QBC) that features a low-output-voltage ripple with respect to traditional QBCs. This advantage is in contrast with other topologies that require a higher amount of stored energy by capacitors to achieve the same output-voltage ripple specification. This benefit permits to design a compact converter, since the size of capacitors is proportional to their energy storage rating. Moreover, the proposed transformerless topology is suitable for applications that require high-voltage gains as in the case of renewable energy applications. The main properties of the converter are corroborated as well as its advantages by providing mathematical models, analytical waveforms and experiments.
- PublicaciónSólo datosSpecial Issue “Advances in Control of Power Electronic Converters”(Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 2021-05-18) Lopez-Santos, Oswaldo; García, GermainThe use of power converters has grown in the last years with the advances in photovoltaic and wind based power generation systems, and the progress in modern concepts such as microgrids and electric mobility. A consequence has been the development of devices allowing for the exchange of energy among different distribution buses, and feeding AC or DC loads from low DC voltage levels, whose proper operation is achieved by means of specialized control systems. Simultaneously, the power converters used for conventional industrial applications have evolved thanks to the application of new control methods, and the combination of these with well-established techniques. This special issue contributes theoretical and practical advances to the state-of-the-art field at the crossroads of power electronics and control systems. The seven included papers cover particular applications requiring either DC–DC, DC–AC or AC–DC conversion stages.